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Assessment of severity 2D Assessment The first step to assess the severity is to look at the valve and the leaflet mobility: reduced leaflet mobility is an argument in favour or TS CW assessment Most ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Quantification of mitral stenosis severity Morphologic and quantitative assessment Elliptical shape orifice 3D guided 2D slices → morphologic assessment from leaflet tips to commissures + ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Basics The main tools for the evaluation of stenotic valves are gradient measurements and the calculation of the effective valve area. Gradient measurements In valvular stenosis, the effective ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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The colour sector size and imaging depth should be as narrow as possible to maximize the lateral and temporal resolution. A VC < 3 mm defines a mild MR whereas > 7 mm defines a severe MR. This ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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The fundamentals of valve assessment are similar, but due to the limited availability, susceptibility to arrhythmias (especially atrial fibrillation), lower resolution and less validation compared to ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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3D GUIDED 2D PLANIMETRY = the recommended quantitative method Illustration of the effect of an off-axis short axis plane on valve area planimetry(short axis obtained with a 3D probe using multi-plane ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Cardiac CT The aim to evaluate the coronary anatomy and to capture frozen images of the coronary tree has resulted in the development of image technique with a high spatial resolution. CT uses the ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Publication Case Title Authors 2012 Characterization of anatomic lesions in infective endocarditis: the added value of transthoracic 3D echocardiography D. Muraru, P. Bizzotto, G. Zoppellaro, U. ...

Date : 15/10/2012
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The main cause of the movement of the blood inside the heart is the pressure difference between chambers caused by the cardiac cycle. A very basic and logical concept is that there is a direct ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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In the future 3DE technique is expected to provide the whole heart in a single volume that will be sectioned off-line afterwards to obtain all morphological and functional parameters. Present ...

Date : 05/12/2012