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Assessment of severity 2D Assessment The first step to assess the severity is to look at the valve and the leaflet mobility: reduced leaflet mobility is an argument in favour or TS CW assessment Most ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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[...]phasic movement of the aortic annulus and valve cusps during cardiac cycle might add to the inaccuracy of 2D AVA measurements. [...]on a general basis, it is not the method of choice for AS ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Quantification of mitral stenosis severity Morphologic and quantitative assessment Elliptical shape orifice 3D guided 2D slices → morphologic assessment from leaflet tips to commissures + ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Basics The main tools for the evaluation of stenotic valves are gradient measurements and the calculation of the effective valve area. Gradient measurements In valvular stenosis, the effective ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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The addition of ECG gating to the acquisition protocol virtually frozen the valve movement and give superb views of the anatomy of the leaflets and the aortic root. The utilization of effective ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Like 3DE, CT cardiac angiogram (CTCA) is a volumetric technique (0.3-0.5mm isotropic resolution) and thus allows precise alignment to the plane of mitral annulus or the valve. CCTA short-axis image ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Quantification: Valve area 3D evaluation Please see the 3D Echo Box Atlas to have a full overview of the valve area 3D evaluation.

Date : 10/12/2013
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VLVOT or VTILVOT are measured using a pulsed wave Doppler (PW) from an apical approach (generally the apical 5-chamber view) in which the ultrasound beam can be aligned with the direction of the ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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3D GUIDED 2D PLANIMETRY = the recommended quantitative method Illustration of the effect of an off-axis short axis plane on valve area planimetry(short axis obtained with a 3D probe using multi-plane ...

Date : 11/12/2013
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Cardiac CT The aim to evaluate the coronary anatomy and to capture frozen images of the coronary tree has resulted in the development of image technique with a high spatial resolution. CT uses the ...

Date : 11/12/2013